Birds are natural creatures reared for useful purposes and group of birds are collectively called Poultry. This sub-sector is the most commercialized of all Nigeria’s agricultural products and vital to the socioeconomic development of Nigeria.
Poultry contributes about 9-10% of agricultural GDP (FAO 2006). Nigeria’s chicken population rates is at 150.682 million of which 25% are commercially farmed, 15% semi commercially farmed and 60% raised in backyards. Today, it stands as one of the highest investment in agriculture with a net worth of N250 billion in Nigeria. The levels of profitability for the areas of organic poultry production examined are low or non-existent for small scale production; but it may reach the reasonable level of income for large scale production.
Modernizing/Industrializing poultry farms in West Africa addresses food security and factors affecting such development include; lack of adequate financing, paucity of high level technical expertise and input-related problems.
The Poultry Production System in Nigeria
1. Industrial Integrated system
2. Commercial production system
3. Small scale commercial production system
4. Backyard system (backyard here indicates a low level input and output production unlike the literal backyard meaning as some individuals may define it).
Nigeria need to have a long term plan of feeding her people through the development of Poultry farm. Adequate funds and technical skills in poultry/feed production is sure to produce high quality products.
IMPORTANCE OF POULTRY
- Industrial Use: Poultry products are used in vaccine preparation, leather, soap, cake making, paints, animal feeds, fertilizers, cushions, mattresses.
- Research Purposes: Readily available chicks at a time are advantageous favouring successful research carried out upon them.
- Income: Proved as a good source of income; it’s contribution to the nation’s GDP is 3.1%. The ROI from the poultry industry is quick. Check out E-farms poultry ROI.
- Employment: Poultry marketing and its products provides employment opportunities which in return allay poverty.
- Environment/Ecological Balance: Poultry manure aids maintenance of the soil fertility and the birds also keeps ecological balance through eating different insects, worms and household waste.
Population increase in countries heightens the demand for foods especially protein; and in meeting those demands for animal proteins, animal production in Nigeria should be greatly developed. “We know that the future of agriculture requires new and pioneering partnerships”-Pimenta. http://live.worldbank.org/better-life-farming?cid=ECR_FB_worldbank_EN_EXTP_SM2018-betterlifefarming_PIX. Poultry farming inclusive.